Internet of things is not just a beautiful expression, not a speculative hypothesis, but reality. Back in the late 1990s, experts suggested that the development of technology would lead to the creation of a special environment in which devices equipped with identification devices and capable of connecting can interact without connecting to the traditional Internet. We observe this on the example of numerous smartwatches, smart washing machines, no less “smart” houses, and other similar devices and systems.
Today we will introduce you to several interesting facts about the Internet of things.
The concept of the Internet of things was created by Kevin Ashton, an American scientist working at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In 1999, he formulated the basic principles of this concept in a presentation on the comprehensive implementation of RFID tags. Ashton also coined the term «Internet of things.»
But today, experts believe that the beginnings of the Internet of things arose much earlier. For example, ATMs that were first connected to the regular Internet in 1974 are proposed to be considered part of this system. There is another opinion: the first device connected to the Internet is considered a soda machine at Carnegie Mellon University in the United States. Local craftsmen-programmers got the opportunity to learn from a distance whether the machine works and if there is soda in it.
In 2008, the number of devices connected to the Internet exceeded the number of people living on Earth. If this seems unbelievable, remember that one person often uses several gadgets and devices, not to mention the technique he has at work.
Nevertheless, the Internet of things covers only about 0.1% of the devices that we use, so he has room to grow.
The market growth of wearable devices (smartwatches, fitness bracelets, etc.) in 2015 amounted to 223%. Not only household appliances or vehicles, but also clothes will “grow wiser”: if in 2013 140,000 models with electronic filling were produced in the world, then by 2020 we will have up to 10.2 million “smart” jackets and dresses.
At the heart of the Internet of things is the interaction of devices among themselves, which is usually called the «machine — machine» (M2M) connection. In 2015, the number of such connections amounted to 5 billion, and by 2024, according to analysts, it will grow to 27 billion. In this case, China will take first place in the number of machine-to-machine connections, it will account for up to 21% of interactions between devices. In second place will be the United States with 20% of interactions.
As the Internet of things expands, the number of connections between them increases, the load on the nodes through which data is exchanged increases. People create and consume huge flows of information, respectively, many scammers want to take advantage of this. Now not only computers and credit cards are being hacked but cases of remote hacking of game consoles and even dummies are also already known.
Although modern smart technology is sometimes expensive, its acquisition will certainly pay off in the future. So, a “smart home” makes it possible to save on heating, lighting, air conditioning, because a system equipped with high-precision sensors turns on heating when it is needed and turns off the light if there is nobody in the room. The same applies to production: smart machines with a self-diagnosis function detect failures promptly and warn owners about a possible failure. Experts estimate that the introduction of smart kitchen appliances in catering facilities will help reduce costs by 15%.
Created solutions that allow you to forget about the queues. For example, the program correlates the bandwidth of the tickets in the concert hall with the possible number of visitors and sends a message to the user that if he comes to the doors of the concert hall at a certain time, he will not have to wait long for him to be let through. Services also work that allows you to take the goods ordered in the online store out of turn.